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New Hampshire State Census Records

Federal censuses for the state of New Hampshire began in 1790 and continued every ten years thereafter. They are currently available through 1920 (excepting the mostly destroyed 1890 census). All are indexed in at least one format except the 1870 and 1910 enumerations. The 1800 census does not include the following towns in Rockingham County: Atkinson, Greenland, Hampton, Hampton Falls, Londonderry, Northampton, Pelham, Plaistow, Salem, Seabrook, Stratham, and Windham. Strafford County towns missing for that census are Alton, Barnstead, Brookfield, Effingham, Gilmanton, Middleton, New Durham, Ossipee, Tuftonboro, Wakefield, and Wolfeborough. However, the 1798 U.S. Direct Tax has been found for nine of these towns and published by Heritage Books. They include Alton, Brookfield, Effingham, Middleton, New Durham, Ossipee, Tuftonboro, Wakefield, and Wolfeborough. All of the census records for 1820 for Grafton County and parts of Rockingham (Gosport, Greenland, New Castle, Newington, Portsmouth, and Rye) were lost. Only Center Harbor, Gilford, Moultonborough, New Hampton, and Sanbornton records are available for Strafford County for that year.
For the provincial period various enumerations exist for the years 1732, 1744, 1767, and 1776. All are available at the New Hampshire Records and Archives, and, except for 1732, appear in the multi-volume set of New Hampshire Provincial and State Papers, described below in "Additional Sources."

New Hampshire Research Sources

Jenks, George E. New Hampshire Provincial and State Papers. 40 vols. Concord and Manchester, N.H.:1867–1943. (Although published under various titles, its official title is Documents and Records Relating to New Hampshire, 1623–1800, as described in R. Stuart Wallace, "The State Papers? A Descriptive Guide," Historical New Hampshire 31 (1976): 119–28.
Belknap, Jeremy. The History of New Hampshire. 3 vols. 1784–96. (It has been reprinted many times and is available on microfilm. The second edition (1812) included all three volumes, but John Farmer revised the first two volumes in one (Dover, Del., 1831), with copious notes added to the text. This one-volume edition was reprinted in 1862. Vol. 3 of the 1812 edition has been recently reprinted as Gary T. Lord, ed., Belknap's New Hampshire History: An Account of the State in 1792 (Hampton, N.H.: Peter Randall, 1973).
Haskell, John D., and T. D. Seymour Bassett, eds. New Hampshire: A Bibliography of Its History. Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England, 1979.
Hunt, Elmer M. New Hampshire Town Names and Whence They Came. Peterborough, N.H.: Noone House, 1970.
Dearborn, David C. "New Hampshire Genealogy: A Perspective." New England Historical and Genealogical Register 130 (October 1976): 244–58.
Towle, Laird C., and Ann M. Brown. New Hampshire Genealogical Research Guide. Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, 1983. (Details of resources available are provided.)

Archives, Libraries and Societies
New Hampshire Division of Records Management and Archives, 71 South Fruit Street, Concord, NH 03301

New Hampshire Historical Society/Library, 30 Park Street, Concord, NH 03301-6384

The town or city clerk's office is the place where vital events are officially recorded in New Hampshire. Today each town or city sends copies of its vital events to the Bureau of Vital Records. Statewide compilation, however, did not begin until a law was passed in 1866, and total compliance was not accomplished until the 1880s. The Bureau of Vital Records was not established until 1905, but holds records from 1640 to the present. For births, marriages, and deaths to present, write:

New Hampshire Division of Public Health Services
Bureau of Vital Records
6 Hazen Drive
Concord, NH 03301
Tel: 603-271-4651

New Hampshire Division of Records Management and Archives
71 South Fruit Street
Concord, NH 03301
Tel: 603-271-2236
Fax: 603-271-2272
Email: FMEVERS@lilac.nhsl.lib.nh.us or BBURFORD@lilac.nhsl.lib.nh.us

New Hampshire State Library
20 Park Street
Concord, NH 03301
Tel: 603-271-2144
Fax: 603-271-2205
Email: tepare@lilac.nhsl.lib.nh.us http://www.state.nh.us/nhsl/
Genealogy Resources http://www.state.nh.us/nhsl/history/index.html

New England Historical and Genealogical Society (NEHGS)
101 Newbury Street
Boston, MA 02116-3007
Tel: 617-836-5740
Tel: 888-AT-NEHGS
Email: Membership@nehgs.org Sales:
Tel: 888-BY-NEHGS
Email: sales@nehgs.org
Library Circulation
Tel: 888-90-NEHGS
Fax: 617-536-7307

New Hampshire Society of Genealogists
P.O. Box 2316
Concord, NH 03302-2316
Tel: 603-225-3381
Email: milliken@tiac.net
Surname List

New Hampshire Historical Society/Library
30 Park Street
Concord, NH 03301-6384
Tel: 603-225-3381
Email: swilding@aol.com

Dartmouth College
Baker Library
Hanover, NH 03755
Tel: 603-646-2547

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